On that visit, he was appalled by the rate of destruction of monuments (some listed in guidebooks had been worn away completely since then) and mummies. [citation needed], In 1886, while working for the Egypt Exploration Fund, Petrie excavated at Tell Nebesheh in the Eastern Nile Delta. [-Corpus of protodynastic pottery, 30 plates of drawings by W. M. Flinders Petrie.] Comparer et acheter les Livres, BD, Ebooks et W. M. Flinders Petrie. Griffith and others, 1900; The Royal Tombs of the First Dynasty, 1900, pt. He wrote: "I believe the true line of research lies in the noting and comparison of the smallest details.". [21] John Flinders Petrie became a noted mathematician, who gave his name to the Petrie polygon. ; he married Hilda Urlin, 1897; he inaugurated the first systematic archaeological work in the Near East, and during 42 years excavated more sites than Mariette; he dug at the following places, Tanis,1884; Naukratis, 1884-5; Daphnae, 1886; Nebesha, 1886; Hawara, Biahmu, and Arsinoe (Crocodilopolis), 1888, and Hawara, 1910-11; Illahun-Kahun, 1889-90, 1914-19; Gurob, 1889-90; Maidum, 1891, 1909; El-Amarna, 1891-2; Koptos, 1893-4; Naqada and Ballas, 1895; Thebes Ramesseum, etc., 1895-6; Qurna, 1908; Deshasha, 1897; Dendera, 1897-8; Abadiya-Hu (Diospolis), 1898-9; Abydos, 1899-1903, 1921; Ehnasya, 1903-4; Buto, 1904; Sinai - Wadi Maghara and Serabit, 1904-5; Tell el-Yahudiya, 1905-6; Tell er-Reteba, 1905-6; Saft el-Hinna, 1906; Giza and Rifa, 1906-7; Athribis,1907; Memphis, 1908-13; Tarkhan, 1911-13; Sidmant, 1920-1; Haraga; Shurafa, 1911; Heliopolis, 1912; Qau, 1923-4; he also dug for a season in Palestine in 1890, and later abandoned Egypt in 1926 to work until 1938 on Hyksos and other sites in Palestine notably Gaza, 1927-34; he made more major archaeological discoveries than any other archaeologist, the city of Naukratis whose whereabouts had been unknown, the site of Kahun, many fine objects from El-Amarna, the great predynastic cemetery at Naqada, archaic material from the royal tombs of Abydos, the Israel stela of King Mereneptah and the magnificent jewels from Lahun, to list but a few; Petrie advanced the whole approach to archaeology, his methods and techniques being revolutionary in the Near East at the time; he took Furtwängler’s method of dating painted and decorated pottery as an archaeological chronometer and expanded it so that it could be used for all types for the first time, systematically arranging predynastic Egyptian material, and thus inventing sequence dating; in 1891 he established synchronisms through pottery with Greece aided by his former pupil E. Gardner, again evolving a new method; he also discovered the first texts in the Sinaitic script; his greatest contribution was his emphasis on the importance of observing everything found, and his insistence on the typological study of all objects, however humble; he exercised a profound influence on all museums during the 1880s which at that time did not know how to conserve antiquities properly; his method of fund-raising through the sale of antiquities to museums gained him his independence and also provided him with a much wider variety of objects for study; his other great contribution was the discovery of the earliest historical and predynastic periods, hitherto unsuspected; Petrie trained many assistants who continued his work; every year he held exhibitions to arouse public interest in discovering more sites; he amassed a very great collection of antiquities, which is housed at University Coll. This made local farmers deface the paintings, and it is only thanks to Petrie's copies that their original appearance is known. Qurneh. Petrie, William Matthew Flinders, Sir, 1853-1942 Sources found : Wikipedia, August 10, 2020 (Sir William Matthew Flinders Petrie, FRS, FBA (3 June 1853-28 July 1942), commonly known as Flinders Petrie, was an English Egyptologist and a pioneer of systematic methodology in … Petrie Exhibiting Material from Tell Fara in London. fat SacTiOM. On peut … © The Griffith Institute, University of Oxford, 2015. 1935; Anthedon. World War II was then at its height, and the head was delayed in transit. Under Auguste Mariette's arrangements, he sent 50% of these portraits to the Egyptian department of antiquities. by w. m. flinders petrie. CONTENTS. Past and Future, 1918; Some Sources of Human History, 1919; Prehistoric Egypt, 1920; Corpus of Prehistoric Pottery and Palettes, 1921; Lahun II, with G. Brunton and others, 1923; Social Life in Ancient Egypt, 1923; Sedment, 2 vols. Petrie, W. M. Flinders (William Matthew Flinders), Sir, 1853-1942; Quibell, James Edward, 1867-1935, joint author Flinders Petrie (3 juin 1853 – 28 juillet 1942) est un égyptologue anglais. Petrie. Spiegelberg was in charge of the edition of many texts discovered by his British colleague, and Petrie offered important collections of artefacts to the University of Strasbourg. The Palace of Apries (Memphis H). The cemeteries of Abadiyeh and Hu, 1898-9, with A. C. Mace, 1901; Abydos, pt. Petrie remains controversial for his anti-democratic and pro-eugenics racial views, and was a dedicated believer in the superiority of the Northern peoples over the Latinate and Southern peoples. [citation needed], The focus of his work shifted permanently to Palestine in 1926. 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