15th February 1874, Kilkea House, Kilkea, near Athy, County Kildare, Ireland. On his return to England, his attempt to secure regular commission in the Royal Navy failed and he became a journalist, working for the Royal Magazine, but he did not find it interesting. The party reached the ship in February 1903 and Scott sent him home on the relief ship. When and Where was he Born? He was one of the principal figures of the "Heroic Age of Antarctic Exploration". The Early Life of Ernest Shackleton. But it did not happen and they decided to head for the Elephant Island on their lifeboats. and 1998 reprint of by Lyons Press(USA) and 1999 by Robinson Books, London. Shackleton's own account of his "Endurance"expedition. He accompanied Scott and Wilson on the expedition's journey to achieve the highest possible latitude in the direction of the South Pole and they set a record of Farthest South latitude of 82° 17′. In 1880, when Ernest was six, Henry Shackleton decided to study medicine at Trinity College, Dublin, and moved his family into the city. A voracious reader, he was schooled by a governess until the age of eleven and then at Fir Lodge Preparatory School in Dulwich, London. Sir Ernest Shackleton was a polar explorer born on February 15th, 1874. Read more. He studied at Dulwich College at the age of 13, and although he disliked school, he placed 5th in a … After considerable delays due to bad weather, his base was eventually established at Cape Royds. His father was able to secure him a berth with the North Western Shipping Company, aboard the square-rigged sailing ship, Hoghton Tower. Sir Ernest Shackleton, C.V.O. When the Anglo Boer War broke out in 1899, he joined up and around this time he made contacts which would later assist him in his desire to become a polar explorer. Ernest Shackleton was born on 15 February 1874 in Kilkea, County Kildare, Ireland, to Henry Shackleton, and Henrietta Letitia Sophia Gavan and was the second of ten children. Ernest Shackleton Short Biography Born 15 February 1874, in Kilkea, County Kildare, Ireland, Sir Ernest Henry Shackleton was a popular British Antarctic explorer. In February 1907, he presented to the Royal Geographic Society his plans for a British Antarctic expedition. Nimrod sailed for the Antarctic from Lyttelton Harbor, New Zealand on January 01, 1908. The 137th anniversary of this Irish explorer’s birth was celebrated with a Google Doodle on the search company's homepage and the Christie's auctioned a biscuit that he gave "a starving fellow explorer”. Size: 57963 Kb. Sir Ernest Henry Shackleton (15 February 1874 – 5 January 1922) was a polar explorer. Shackleton now set his sights on a new mark: crossing Antarctica via the South Pole. His father was a doctor. Sir Ernest Shackleton was an explorer who in 1901 joined an expedition to the Antarctic. Back in Britain, Shackleton spent some time as a journalist and was then elected secretary of the Scottish Royal Geographical Society. In 1911, Norwegian explorer Roald Amundsen became the first person to set foot on the South Pole. Ernest Shackleton was a great polar explorer. In 1880 when Ernest was six his father gave up farming and went to Trinity College Dublin, and qualified to be a doctor. In 1906, he unsuccessfully stood for parliament in Dundee. Before the return of Shackleton's body to South Georgia, there was a memorial service held for him with full military honours at Holy Trinity Church, Montevideo, and on 2 March a service was held at St Paul's Cathedral, London, at which the King and other members of the royal family were represented. Amazingly, none of his 28-men team died during the nearly two years they were stranded. Ernest SHACKLETON (1919) SOUTH. Family Background: Ernest Shackleton was the tenth child and eldest of two sons of Henry, a doctor and Henrietta Shackleton. The aim was the conquest of both the geographical South Pole and the South Magnetic Pole. His father was a doctor. On August 25, 1916, he returned to Elephant Island to rescue the remaining members of his crew. Shackleton's crew had already abandoned the ship to live on the floating ice. 'South', Shackleton's account of the 'Endurance' expedition, was published in 1919. He was decorated by foreign countries like Sweden, Denmark, Norway, France, Russia, Italy, Prussia and Chile and received at least 25 silver and gold medals from Cities and Geographical Societies around the world. About Ernest Shackleton. On 30th December 1902 Scott, Shackleton and Edward Wilson FZS ("Uncle Bill") reached within 400 miles of the South Pole, the furthest South yet achieved by anybody. Shackleton led three British expeditions to the Antarctic. At the age of thirteen, he entered Dulwich College. His experience on this expedition then spurred Shackleton on, to have a go at reaching the South Pole himself. Find out more about how the BBC is covering the. Ernest was born on 15 February 1874 in County Kildare, Ireland. His father, Henry was a farmer. Learn about Author Central. He was knighted on his return to Britain. This page is best viewed in an up-to-date web browser with style sheets (CSS) enabled. The expedition was the first to penetrate the Ross Sea and reach the Ross Ice Shelf. Are you an author? (1874-1922) is regarded as perhaps the greatest of all Antarctic explorers. Rejecting his father's wish that he become a doctor, he joined the merchant navy when he was 16 and qualified as a master mariner in 1898. Once qualified he worked on the Southampton Cape Town mailboat route aboard vessels for the Union-Castle Line. During his third trip to the Antarctic, his ship 'Endurance' became trapped in the ice, and ten months later sank. Shackleton was an Anglo-Irish Antarctic explorer, best known for leading the 'Endurance' expedition of 1914-16. One of the halls of residence for Merchant Navy Officer Cadets at Warsash Maritime Academy, one of Britain's Merchant Navy Training Colleges, is named after this great explorer. Sir Ernest Henry Shackleton CVO OBE FRGS (/ˈʃækəltən/; 15 February 1874 – 5 January 1922) was a polar explorer who led three British expeditions to the Antarctic, and one of the principal figures of the period known as the Heroic Age of Antarctic Exploration. Sir Ernest Shackleton was an early twentieth century explorer. Taking five crew members, Shackleton went to find help. Between 1904 and 1907, he accepted the secretaryship of the Royal Scottish Geographical Society, became a shareholder in a company and stood as liberal candidate in the General Election. Further Reading on Sir Ernest Henry Shackleton. Sir Ernest Henry Shackleton was born to Anglo-Irish parents on February 15, 1874 in Co. Kildare, Ireland, with the family moving to Sydenham in London 10 years later. Sir Ernest Henry Shackleton CVO OBE FRGS (15 February 1874 – 5 January 1922) was a polar explorer who led three British expeditions to the Antarctic, and one of the principal figures of the period known as the Heroic Age of Antarctic Exploration. He may have placed what has become one of the world's most famous advertisements in the Times of London in December 1901: "Men wanted for hazar… They had three children, Raymond, Cecily and Edward. He was a member of Captain Scott’s 1901-1903 expedition to the South Pole, and in 1907 led his own expedition on the whaler Nimrod, coming… More about Ernest Shackleton In 1900, he was introduced to Llewellyn W. Longstaff the main financial backer of the National Antarctic Expedition then being organized in London. Endurance got trapped in ice, forcing Shackleton to abandon the ship (that eventually sank), and set up camp on the floating ice. Sir Ernest Shackleton is widely known as one of the most inspirational leaders of the twentieth century. Also Known As: Ernest Henry Shackleton, Sir Shackleton Ernest Henry, Ernest Shackleton, children: Cecily Shackleton, Edward Shackleton, Raymond Shackleton, place of death: South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands, See the events in life of Sir Ernest Shackleton in Chronological Order. Ernest Shackleton. He was sent to a preparatory school in Sydenham and proceeded to Dulwich College until leaving in 1890. Shackleton participated in the National Antarctic Expedition, which was organized by the Royal Geographical Society in 1901, and led by Robert Falcon Scott. Biography of Ernest Shackleton. He married Emily Mary Dorman at Christ Church, Westminster in 1904. Ernest Shackleton is the 348th most popular Aquarius. It has been described as the first comprehensive biography of Shackleton since the 1980s and brings a fresh perspective to a compelling, charismatic and extraordinary man. In 1880, when Ernest was six, Henry Shackleton decided to study medicine at Trinity College, Dublin, and moved his family into the city. Early in 1915, 'Endurance' became trapped in the ice, and ten months later sank. Ernest Shackleton was a British explorer of the South Pole who is best remembered for leading his crew to safety after the failed expedition of the Endurance (1914-16). He was buried in the Grytviken cemetery, South Georgia, after a short service in the Lutheran church. In 1908, he returned to the Antarctic as the leader of his own expedition, on the ship 'Nimrod'. His mother Henrietta was descended from the Fitzmaurices, a family which had been … 3. File Name: ernest shackleton biography for kids.zip. In 1914, he departed on the ship Endurance to the South Pole. The remaining men from the 'Endurance' were rescued in August 1916. Ernest Shackleton led several Polar expeditions, and was one of the best known British explorers of the early 20th century. He was appointed third officer to the expedition's ship Discovery in 1901 and commissioned into the Royal Navy, with the rank of sub-lieutenant in the Reserves and thus his merchant navy services ended. Ernest Shackleton, in full Sir Ernest Henry Shackleton, (born February 15, 1874, Kilkea, County Kildare, Ireland—died January 5, 1922, Grytviken, South Georgia), Anglo-Irish Antarctic explorer who attempted to reach the South Pole. He travelled widely, but was keen to explore the poles. Shackleton led a team of five others from the inhospitable Elephant Island aboard a 22-foot lifeboat toward South Georgia. He was born near Dublin, Ireland in 1874. His first visit to the Antarctic was as the third officer aboard the Discovery under Captain Scott.The exp… Aside from information specific to Ernest Shackleton's birthday, Ernest Shackleton is the 45th most famous Irish. The second in a family of ten, his father Henry farmed at Kilkea. Ernest Shackleton was born 15 February 1874 in County Kildare, Ireland. Ernest Shackleton had been a junior officer on Robert Falcon Scott 's Discovery expedition (1902-03), and his expedition with the Nimrod (1907-09) had taken him closer to the South Pole than anyone before. Shackleton received the Polar Medal with clasps, was honored with a knighthood in 1909, made the Commander of the Royal Victorian Order and the Officer of the Order of the British Empire. He was destined to become a doctor, according to his father, but Shackleton instead joined the merchant navy when he was 16 and qualified as a master mariner in 1898. 2. He is best remembered for his expeditions to the Antarctic. Sir Ernest Henry Shackleton was one of the main polar explorers of the period known as the Heroic Age of Antarctic Exploration. Sir Ernest Shackleton biography timelines // 15th Feb 1874 Ernest Shackleton was born on 15 February 1874 in Kilkea, County Kildare, Ireland, to Henry Shackleton, and Henrietta Letitia Sophia Gavan and was the second of ten children. In April 1916, they set off in three small boats, eventually reaching Elephant Island. Ernest Henry Shackleton was born on 15 February 1874 in County Kildare, Ireland. During the expedition, his team climbed Mount Erebus, made many important scientific discoveries and set a record by coming even closer to the South Pole than before. After five harrowing days at sea, the men landed their three lifeboats at Elephant Island, 346 miles from where the Endurance sank, the first time they had stood on solid ground in 497 days. In a small boat, the six men spent 16 days crossing 1,300 km of ocean to reach South Georgia and then trekked across the island to a whaling station. This book, as well as being a tribute to the explorer, was a practical effort to assist his family; Shackleton died som… See search results for this author. Two biographies are Hugh Robert Mill, The Life of Sir Ernest Shackleton (1923), and Margery and James Fisher, Shackleton (1957). The family moved to London where Shackleton was educated. On his fourth trip to Antarctica, he died from Coronary Thrombosis on 5 January 1922 on board the Quest. Within a year the first biography, The Life of Sir Ernest Shackleton, by Hugh Robert Mill, was published. Restless and bored of studies, he decided to go to sea. BBC © 2014 The BBC is not responsible for the content of external sites. In 1898, he was certified Master Mariner, qualifying him to command a British ship anywhere in the world, and joined the Union-Castle Line and transferred to the Tintagel Castle because of the Boer War. While you will be able to view the content of this page in your current browser, you will not be able to get the full visual experience. The Discovery Expedition, the brainchild of Sir Clements Markham, president of the Royal Geographical Society, was led by Robert Falcon Scott. Ernest Henry Shackleton was born on 15 February 1874 in County Kildare, Ireland. The BBC is not responsible for the content of external sites. He travelled widely but was keen to explore the poles. Ernest Shackleton was born on 15 February 1874 in Kilkea, County Kildare, Ireland, to Henry Shackleton, and Henrietta Letitia Sophia Gavan and was the second of ten children. Biography: Ernest Shackleton . In 1914, Shackleton made his third trip to the Antarctic with the ship 'Endurance', planning to cross Antarctica via the South Pole. Shackleton Wild, Eric Marshall and Jameson Adams, undertook the "Great Southern Journey” from their base, and on 9 January 1909 reached closer to the Farthest South latitude, coming within 97 miles of the pole. A new biography of Sir Ernest Shackleton has been published: Shackleton – By Endurance We Conquer, by Michael Smith. Discovery departed London on 31st July 1901 and arrived at the Antarctic coast on 8th January 1902. His mother Henrietta was descended from the Fitzmaurices, a family which had been in Kerry since the Norman times in the 13th century. Taking five crew members, Shackleton went to find help in a small boat, spent 16 days crossing 1,300 km of ocean to reach South Georgia and then he trekked across the island to a whaling station. With Scott and one other, Shackleton trekked towards the South Pole in extremely difficult conditions, getting closer to the Pole than anyone had come before. The family moved to London where Shackleton was educated.  © This expedition is also called the "Discovery Expedition," as its ship was called the RRS Discovery. Short Biography. Shackleton's accounts of his explorations are in his The Heart of the Antarctic (2 vols., 1909) and South (1919). As a child he loved to read, which inspired him to have his own adventures. Please consider upgrading your browser software or enabling style sheets (CSS) if you are able to do so. Not one member of the expedition died. The second in a family of ten, his father Henry farmed at Kilkea. In general, Ernest Shackleton ranks as the 5027th most popular famous person, and the 3rd most popular explorer of all time. He is known for coming closest to the location of the South Pole. They hoped that the ice would drift towards Paulet Island where they could access cached provisions. He worked hard and persuaded some wealth friends to contribute towards the expedition named Nimrod expedition. Sixteen days later the crew reached the island, enabling him to organize a rescue effort. The Shackletons were originally from Yorkshire, but Shackleton was born in County Kildare, Ireland. He joined the merchant navy when he was 16 and became a master mariner. Shackleton became seriously ill and had to return home but had gained valuable experience. ERNEST SHACKLETON. He was part of three expeditions to the Antarctic - the first was led by the British naval officer Robert Falcon Scott on the ship, ‘Discovery’, while the other two were led by him aboard ships ‘Nimrod’ and ‘Endurance’, respectively. The march back to the ship was very difficult and he could not carry out his responsibilities. Read more. Also now available , appropriately, as a Penguin paperback. In 1911, Norwegian explorer Roald Amundsen reached the South Pole, followed by Scott who died on the return journey. This page has been archived and is no longer updated. Ernest was the second of ten children. Shackleton's fourth expedition aimed to circumnavigate the Antarctic continent but on 5 January 1922, Shackleton died of a heart attack off South Georgia. He was a womanizer and not a good husband or father to his children. This once-forgotten explorer’s actions have made him a great role model for leadership and a great name in crisis management. Nimrod arrived at McMurdo Sound on 29 January 1908. Four years later, they shifted to Sydenham in suburban London. He later became a journalist after returning from the expedition. Sir Ernest Shackleton Biography. Ernest Henry Shackleton was born on the 15th February in 1874 in Kilkea House, County Kildare in Ireland. Ernest Shackleton (1874-1922) Sir Ernest Shackleton was a great explorer who made groundbreaking explorations of the South Pole. A voracious reader with a thirst for adventure, Ernest left school at the age of 16 to join the Merchant Navy. Whilst he never achieved his personal dream of being the first to reach the South Pole, his reputation as a leader of men is based on a still greater success: the survival and safe return of all of his team members, whilst overcoming almost unimaginable odds. He was sent home early due to bad health. The first expedition began when he left with The Discovery Expedition in July 1901. Published 04.03.2019 The Great Explorers - Ep1of6 - Ernest Shackleton. His mother was called Henrietta. He was buried on the island. Ernest Shackleton, Self: South. Ernest Shackleton was a British explorer of the South Pole who is best remembered for leading his crew to safety after the failed expedition of the Endurance (1914-16). By Tim Lambert. The astonishing saga of his survival for over a year on the ice-bound Antarctic seas, as Time magazine put it, ‘defined heroism’. Ernest Shackleton was born on Feb. 15, 1874 to Henrietta Gayan and Henry Shackleton, who were farmers in County Kildare, Ireland. https://www.thefamouspeople.com/profiles/sir-ernest-shackleton-5462.php, Famous Role Models You Would Like To Meet. Shackleton was invalided on the return journey and was sent home early. The remaining men from the 'Endurance' were rescued. http://www.reddit.com/r/Colorization/comments/15h21t/request_sir_ernest_shackleton_antarctic_explorer/, https://no.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ernest_Shackleton. Ernest Shackleton (A&E Biography) Hardcover – April 14, 2003 by George Plimpton (Author) › Visit Amazon's George Plimpton Page. Ernest Shackleton spent four years at sea working for the North Western Shipping Company and by 1898 was a qualified master mariner. Find all the books, read about the author, and more. 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