I think you have to be, yes. I think McClellan was actually right about Washington being safe when he went down to the Virginia Peninsula. The longtime Lincoln City resident was able to fly his drone over the neighborhoods in nearby Otis. President Lincoln, however, was entirely unmoved by her imperious manner. But his attempt was shortsighted, and would actually have done harm to the cause if Lincoln hadn't intervened. The press and the politicos hammered President Lincoln in regard to the initial rumors of General Grant’s failures at the Battle of Shiloh. And it was the undoing of both those men. Lincoln's assassination, less than a week following Lee's surrender, ensured that the events of the previous week would forever remain mysterious. The obvious ones that come to mind are Lincoln (he fired McClellan and some others for ineffectiveness, I believe), Truman (he fired Douglas MacArthur) and Obama. It can be argued whether Lincoln should have given McClellan everything he wanted. Under his leadership, the Department of the West was an administrative shambles and a hotbed of corruption, though Fremont himself was never personally implicated. Certainly McClellan did. Lincoln turned out to be one of the most astute politicians in American history. Abraham Lincoln's Invention of Presidential War Powers: Facing the unprecedented crisis of civil war in 1861, President Abraham Lincoln invoked his "war power" as commander-in-chief to "take any measure which may best subdue the enemy." Even now I think he's more remembered for his accomplishments as the great Pathfinder than for his relative lack of success as a military commander. DEAR SIR: On receipt of this, with the accompanying enclosures, you will take safe, certain, and suitable measures to have the inclosure addressed to Major-General Fremont delivered to him with all reasonable despatch, subject to these conditions only, that if, when General Fremont shall be reached by the messenger,–yourself or any one sent by you,–he shall then have, in personal command, fought and won a battle, or shall then be in the immediate presence of the enemy in expectation of a battle, it is not to be delivered but held for further orders. I think President Obama is going to have challenges; he's got a couple of bright generals working for him. McClellan was relieved of command in November 1862; Grant did not become general-­in-­chief until March 1864 (and the general had “pointed Sherman toward Atlanta” months before the summer of that year). Yes, Fremont was trying to do something good. Any process would be greatly expedited since the president is set to leave office in less than two weeks, though it’s possible it would drag out beyond his departure on Jan. 20. That's what both Fremonts seemed not to understand. Search for: HOME; ABOUT US; SERVICES; INSPECTION REPORTS; MEDIA; CONTACT US; Facebook; Google; Designed by … One of the more extraordinary episodes in the American Civil War took place when President Abraham Lincoln decided to relieve Major General John C. Fremont of his command. Thanks, Kristen. First, Lincoln knew himself early on to be a neophyte at war. So, Fremont called his division commanders together (with the exception of General Hunter, the man chosen to replace him), to get their troops arrayed for battle. This gallery provides an overview of several of the key Union generals who contributed to the Union's cause and helped guide its armies to victory. Lincoln was patient, and did give generals like Fremont real opportunities to show what they could do. Fremont, however, had no intention of taking his fate lying down. When Presidents Fire Generals: Lincoln and McClellan Obama and McChrystal could have learned something from the men’s “failed” relationship. Lincoln was elated after reviewing the final reports on the battle at Shiloh and Grant’s victory in Tennessee. Luckily the ending of slavery was a major result of the horrible war. Great hub! But Fremont wasn’t ready to give up yet. Once the war was over, Fremont was able to regain a measure of his old prominence. Many thought of Lincoln as a martyr. His explanation didn’t seem to comfort the newly unemployed general. Although he had been born in the South (in Savannah, Georgia), he was a loyal, and in many ways highly commendable American patriot. It depends on whether they have the political savvy. He met with Mr. Lincoln and Cabinet officials on June 29, 1861 to discuss his plans for confronting Confederate troops near Manassas. Major General Joseph Hooker Library of Congress : Letter to Major General Joseph Hooker Joseph Hooker, called "Fighting Joe," was the third in a succession of commanding Union generals President Lincoln appointed in his search for victories during the Civil War. Sensing that the president’s mind was already made up and would not change, she informed her husband that, in effect, his fate was sealed. What surprised you the most while writing this book? Executive Mansion, Washington, July 14, 1863. An ardent abolitionist, Fremont issued a proclamation in August of 1861 freeing the slaves of all owners in Missouri who refused to swear allegiance to the Union. 1-3 I am not sure but I do know 4. He would simply lock down security at his headquarters so tightly that no officer from Washington would be able to get through to deliver any order replacing him. I put a great deal of blame on McClellan for his stubbornness and inability to see Lincoln's greatness. As it turned out, there was no time. Answered by Alexis6166. By Timothy P. Townsend, Historian, Lincoln Home National Historic Site "Hold on with a bulldog grip, and chew and choke as much as possible." When Presidents Fire Generals: Lincoln and McClellan Obama and McChrystal could have learned something from the men’s “failed” relationship. Was considered a rising star in his field. On this day in 1864, President Abraham Lincoln promoted Ulysses S. Grant, a major general in the U.S. Army, to the rank of lieutenant general. I would like to send a barrel of it to my other generals." Heidi Thorne from Chicago Area on October 07, 2013: What a character! The more I learn about Lincoln and the Civil War the more interesting the whole story gets. Both the leader and the general have to respect each other and know their roles. To me, this is one of the more remarkable letters in American presidential history. Irate at receiving the dreaded order, Fremont angrily slammed his fist on the table and demanded of McKinney, “Sir, how did you get through my lines?” McKinney, his mission successfully completed, cheerfully explained his ruse. McClellan, Burnside, Hooker, Meade, and then Grant? Its central character, George McClellan, suffers from a single, near-fatal flaw: hubris. He served in Iraq during his service as the Commanding Officer of the 2nd Brigade Combat Team, and was the Deputy Commanding General of the United States Army Recruiting Command, Fort Knox, KY. The president knew that Fremont would do everything he could, short of outright mutiny, to avoid being replaced. Lincoln as Commander in Chief A self-taught strategist with no combat experience, Abraham Lincoln saw the path to victory more clearly than his generals I live near a gold rush town where he (an Army surveyor) laid out the street plan. His focus is not so much on the battles as on the people. Abraham Lincoln was the 16th president of the United States. That was a bit gray. While the quote is false, the spirit of it is something that Lincoln did speak to. With little apparent regard for the national political implications of such an action, he issued his proclamation totally on his own, without even notifying the president of his intention. At 4:30 in the morning, at Fort Johnson, a gunner in James' mortar battery pulled the lanyard on a ten-inch mortar. Excerpts: How do you think modern commanders in chief and their generals compare with Lincoln and McClellan? William E. Parrish, Frank Blair, Lincoln’s Conservative, p. 121. On the other hand, Lincoln, like all of us, had his faults, but he got it right the vast majority of the time. He had a different strategy for winning that war. Since it was first published in 1952, Lincoln and His Generals has remained one of the definitive accounts of Lincoln’s wartime leadership. Library of Congress. McClellan, Burnside, Hooker, Meade, and then Grant? He and Jessie also lived near here for quite awhile after buying a Spanish land grant with borders that were "luckily" established to include some prime gold bearing areas. In the summer of 1861, two very different but equally brilliant leaders formed a partnership that journalist-turned-Civil War writer John Waugh calls a "serious failure." He preserved the Union during the U.S. Civil War and brought about the emancipation of slaves. Republicans aligned themselves closely with Trump when it meant winning votes from his base. General Ambrose Burnside; He led a disastrous attack in the hills south of Fredricksburg and was complained about by other officers. In the spring of 1862, there were many calls for the replacement of Grant. — A fast moving wildfire near the Oregon coast forced the evacuation of some residents in Lincoln County. Sensing the severity of Lincoln’s displeasure with him, he sent his wife to Washington to plead his case with the president. Regrettably, it was a failure. General of the Army Douglas MacArthur, 1951. It is also more likely that Lincoln sacked McClellan for political rather than military reasons. McClellan became basically the darling of the Democrats. Lincoln's greatest flaw, if you can call it a flaw, was being overprotective of the capital when he didn't need to be. If that was the case, it was unlikely that Swett himself would be allowed to come through Fremont’s lines. They need to know how to deal with the different kinds of personalities. Lincoln was assassinated on April 14, 1865, only four days after Lee’s surrender. Thanks, Barack. A complicating factor was the fact that news of the president’s intention to replace Fremont had been leaked to the press, and had appeared in New York newspapers. Plus, he implemented public policies in his department that gained him powerful enemies both in Missouri and in Washington. Perhaps worst of all, Fremont seemed stubbornly blind to the political realities with which President Lincoln had to contend. He actually did a lot for the nation. The American Civil War was a factory for producing bad generals such as Braxton Bragg and Ambrose Burnside. 2431 Fairfield St. Lincoln, NE 68521 Phone: 402.476.4646 Toll Free: 800.228.4555 View Map. In fact, he was forthright that his purpose in all he did during that war was to preserve the Union. What was McClellan's greatest flaw? Waugh suggests that had McClellan respected, trusted, and embraced his commander in chief, the war could have ended much more quickly. Lincoln was more committed to his political philosophy. Getting that battle started was going to take time. You can be the most brilliant strategist in the world but, if you don't have that better-rounded aspect to your approach, then you are not going to succeed. Whenever there's been a conflict between a general and the president, it's been that the general has gotten the wrong idea of his place. When he arrived in St. Louis, Swett sat down with General Curtis to discuss their next step in getting Lincoln’s orders into the hands of Fremont and his designated replacement, General Hunter. How Abraham Lincoln Fired General John C. Fremont. What general did Lincoln fire twice? Lincoln's notification had been made to the governor of South Carolina, not the new Confederate government, which Lincoln did not recognize. Fremont had accumulated at his headquarters aides and bodyguards numbering literally in the hundreds. Why did Lincoln fire General McClellan after the battle of Antietam? 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